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Could Humans Live On Mars – Permanently?

a breathtaking satellite shot of Sirenum Fossae on MarsSource: NASA / Unsplash

Online casinos have seen some serious tech-based shake-ups in a relatively short time.  Similarly, as technology advances, and concerns about humanity’s future on Earth increase, arguments favoring space colonization gain momentum. One planet many scientists believe could eventually house humanity is Mars, the famous, giant red planet. Could we colonize there permanently and what would it look like? And how far away are we from that reality?

Fiction Could Become Reality

From The Martian to the classic film, Total Recall, movies about Mars have always been major hits. In general, films about space travel, such as Apollo 11 and Gravity capture our imagination and make us wonder what it would be like to travel amongst the stars.

For future generations, likely in the next century, colonizing other planets – specifically Mars – could be a reality. USA Today reports that NASA scientist Jim Green believes that humans will “absolutely” not only visit, but also inhabit the red planet. And that the first person to do so is likely living today.

Mars Might Be an Ideal Earth ‘Alternative’

Proposed human exploration of Mars has been discussed since the 20th century. However, government agencies and private companies are getting more serious about Mars travel since it appears humanity may need a second home at some point in the near-ish future.

Our population on Earth expands at approximately 1.08% or 82 million people per year. Even though that figure is down slightly from 1.14% in 2016, that is still an alarming number of new people every year. Coupled with accelerated pollution problems and global warming concerns, we may eventually reproduce our way into an uninhabitable planet.

One solution scientists and space exploration programs have strongly considered is moving to Mars. Along with an overwhelming desire to finally live in outer space and economic concerns of population stability on Earth, Mars is chosen because it is the closest planet in our solar system to emulate what humans need to survive. The red planet is the most Earth-like of any orb we could travel to and it even has its own Grand Canyon (roughly the size of the United States).

Main reasons why Mars is most like Earth are that the Martian day is similar in length to Earth’s. Slightly longer, a solar day on Mars lasts 24 hours, 39 minutes, and 35.244 seconds. Mars also has a surface area that is 28.4% of Earth’s total surface area, a figure only slightly less than Earth’s amount of dry land (29.2%). Furthermore, Mars has a similar axial tilt to that of Earth’s (25.19° compared to 23.44°), which means we could get seasons if we lived on Mars, even though they would last twice as along (one Martian year is equivalent to about 1.88 Earth years.) So, close to Earth, but not quite. A final bonus is that Mars has water ice, which means we could stay hydrated and grow plants.

Hopes are to send someone to planet by the 2040. NASA, Roscosmos, and ESA are programs planning Mars exploration. Other private companies like Elon Musk’s SpaceX are also planning Mars transportation infrastructure.

However, many challenges lie in the way.

Obstacles to Overcome

Although Mars travel and colonization looks good on paper, there are a few kinks to work out before we all become Martians.

Landing — First of all, we have to actually be able to land. Currently, NASA can land a one-ton vehicle on Mars via a cool rocket backpack. The NASA rover, Curiosity, landed on the red soil using this apparatus back in August of 2012. However, for a human to safely land, NASA would need to park about 10 tons on the surface and land with exceptional precision to avoid Mars’ mountain, rocky terrain.

Returning — We would also have to return from Mars and that’s also not a reality. NASA has been working on a Mars 2020 rover so that in this next decade they can blast off the surface of Mars and return to Earth.

Always in Spacesuits – You would never be able to take off your spacesuit. The weather on Mars is brutal, with temperatures spanning 170 degrees between two consecutive days. Generally, the average temp is extremely sub-zero and the air is packed with carbon dioxide, which is really bad for people to breathe without spacesuit protection.

Manic Dust Storms – Every 26 months, Mars gets its summer season. And with summer comes extraordinary dust storms. This fine dust can darken the sun, switching the entire planet to nighttime mode for months on end.

A Truly New Frontier – Just as immigrants and “East Coasters” pioneered the western and midwestern American territories nearly 250 years ago, we would be pioneers on Mars. First humans would need to learn to farm and establish a food source, building a foundation for the success of future Mars immigrants.

a photo from space of the Gulf of Mexico, a snapshot of a world that we may eventually leave behindSource: NASA / Unsplash

The Near Future

We are talking possibly twenty years away, people. Are you ready for science fiction to become reality? Whether you are excited or skeptical, get your space fix now at All Slots with space-themed slots at a safe online casino.

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